Fortus: economic&political researches <p>This journal provides platform for the researchers, innovators, scholars to share their research in the field of Social Sciences &amp; Humanities: Economics, Political science, Sociology, Philosophy and related disciplines. Academic and research publications reflect the views of authors on a variety of economic, political, social and cultural issues.&nbsp;&nbsp;The relevance of this journal is determined by a growing interest in interdisciplinary researches, current humanitarian challenges facing Russia and the world as the whole.&nbsp;&nbsp;The main goal of the editorial team is to study the effective political, economic, legal and other preconditions for changes in society.&nbsp;&nbsp;The name of the journal symbolizes reliability and fundamental nature of scientific researches, their significance in the development of society. It is our hope that in the same way that the fortress founded in 1663 gave rise to Penza, our journal is meant to be the basis of cultural and scientific renaissance.</p> ООО "Поволжская школа бизнеса" en-US Fortus: economic&political researches 2658-6290 UNDERSTANDING THE EVOLUTION OF THE APPLICATION OF MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN ECONOMIC SCIENCE <p>This article is a study of an actual problem concerning the progress and evolution of the use of mathematical methods in economic theory (economics).</p> <p>Evidence of the increasing role of mathematics in economics is the chronology of events: the publication of scientific papers, the use of individual mathematical methods in economic analysis, scientific revolutions, the development of statistical accounting, recognition of the merits of individual economists who adhere to the formal mathematical presentation of their ideas (see table 1).</p> <p>Analysis of the possibility of using the concepts of scientific development of K.&nbsp;Popper, T.&nbsp;Kuhn and I.&nbsp;Lakatos to describe the evolution of economic theory demonstrated the difficulty of using each concept separately due to the specifics of the progress of economic knowledge.</p> <p>The list of main reasons for the mathematization of economic theory includes four main factors:</p> <p>1) Positivism and Marginal Revolution;</p> <p>2) the personal desire of economists, many of whom had a technical, natural or mathematical education, to make economics an exact discipline;</p> <p>3) development of the practice of conducting regular statistical accounting – collecting a large amount of data and improving the methods of their processing;</p> <p>4) the essence of economics itself, which deals with quantitatively measurable phenomena and processes.</p> <p>The results of this study indicate that the mathematization of economic theory led to its axiomatization, difficulties in professional communication and the growth of disunity among economic scientists, as well as the development of cross-disciplinary synthesis of economic theory with other social sciences.</p> Кирилл Вячеславович Фенин ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 2 VALUATION OF INTELLECTUAL ACTIVITY OF THE RUSSIAN ECONOMY <p>The article shows the valuation of the intellectual activity of the Russian Federation. We built an integral index (Iia) of intellectual activity, which including statistical indicators that allow taking into account the qualitative characteristics of the innovation system of the Russian Federation. We show recommendations for the development of elements of intellectual activity, identified ways to improve the country's innovation economy</p> Ирина Андреевна Шакина Андрей Анатольевич Тусков ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 2 INNOVATIVE INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE PENZA REGION <p>Technological progress and the challenges of the modern economy (financial technologies) predetermine the urgent need to form a developed innovation infrastructure at the federal and regional levels. The defining moment in the development of the innovation infrastructure of the region is the creation and functioning of such institutions as technology parks, business incubators and technology transfer (commercialization) centers.</p> <p>This article discusses the elements and the state of the innovation infrastructure of the Penza region, which forms the main vectors of regional development for the near future.</p> Александр Владимирович Понукалин ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 2 ADAPTATION OF ORGANIZATIONAL MANAGEMENT MODELS IN THE CONDITIONS OF DIGITAL BUSINESS TRANSFORMATION <p>Transformation of the traditional to the modern adaptive model of management of organizations in Russia in the conditions of digital transformation is today considered the most relevant topic for organizations around the world. The introduction of digital technologies for cooperative and dynamic work is considered not to be delayed on this path. Competitive organizations will be those whose managers will be among the first to start transforming their model of management system. Modern industrial systems of industrial and agricultural enterprises should not be limited to the walls of their factory facilities. The complexity of production requires from organizations completely new innovative measures to manage, implemented with greater speed, at almost all levels of cooperation at the same time and more often at impressive distances of objects from each other. Therefore, the article analyzed the basic models of organizations: Japanese, American, European, Arabic, noted their fundamental differences from the Russian management model, presents examples of the introduction of elements of existing models by modern domestic organizations (using the example of UK Managing Company Rusmolko, Penza) considered the main directions of digitalization, investigated new forms of enterprises. In addition, a roadmap from traditional enterprise to digital was proposed for consideration. Following the IT industries and the traditional industries, whose analog period is ending, entering the digital space, begin their development in a new focus. For this reason, adaptation of management models of organizations is considered to be a fundamental factor in digital business transformation.</p> Виктор Михайлович Володин Наталия Алексеевна Надькина ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 2 MANAGEMENT OF RUSSIAN MEAT PROCESSING INDUSTRY COMPANIES’ DEVELOPMENT <p>The relevance of analyzing the Russian companies’ development management in modern conditions is due to need of search for ways to improve the efficiency of managing organizations. Modern companies are in unstable situation due to the global crisis and the Western countries sanctions. Meat-processing enterprises are not an exception; they constitute one of the most actively developing sectors of national economy. However, some of them face difficulties associated with a low level of production processes controllability. At present, Russian enterprises of the meat processing industry are following the path of qualitatively new organization of production in general and foreign economic relations in particular, this leads to need of “opening” foreign markets for national products and increase the competitiveness of Russian industry. The purpose of the article is to research the factors influencing on development of meat processing industry Russian companies and to analyze the company’s management forms in order to increase the competitiveness of products on the world market.</p> Лилия Валерьевна Рожкова Ольга Владимировна Сальникова ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 2 ILLEGAL GAME: HOW DOES THE PUMP&DUMP STRATEGY WORK AT THE PRESENT STAGE? <p>Pump &amp; Dump strategy began to gain its popularity in the 90s of the XX century, becoming today one of the most popular methods of earnings in the markets. The aim of the work is the analysis of the mechanisms for implementing the strategy of the pump and dump at the present stage. The article analyzes the largest manipulations on the Russian stock market and the cryptocurrency market over the past five years.</p> Максим Алексеевич Индустриев ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 2 АPPLYING OF "1C:PERSONNEL ASSESSMENT" TO ASSESS THE EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE OF THE ORGANIZATION'S STAFF <p>Personnel assessment is an essential function in the management of an organization’s personnel. It is used both in recruitment and in its subsequent development. In the conditions of the modern knowledge economy, the assessment of the intelligence of an employee is of great importance. At the same time, as the experience of managing modern organizations shows, the level of emotional intelligence, which is a stabilizing factor of social harmony, a means of motivation, a tool of cognitive intellectual activity, has the success of employees and, above all, managers and managers of the organization. In this regard, the assessment of emotional intelligence is currently very relevant. Moreover, the assessment of emotional intelligence with the purpose of its automation should be performed using information technologies, in particular, the 1C: Personnel Assessment»</p> Владимир Александрович Дресвянников Григорий Николаевич Анохин ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 2 COMPETENCE OF PERSONNEL AND COMPETENCE OF THE ORGANIZATION <p>The article discusses the formation of a system of competencies, due to the adoption of new professional standards. The relationship between the concepts of competence and competence is analyzed. It is concluded that the concept of competence is close enough in its meaning to the concept of competence, however, it is broader. The types of competencies (key, basic, active, basic, communication) and competences (functional, situational, intellectual and social) are considered, their characteristics are given.</p> <p>The stages of the formation of a model of professional competence of staff are justified. The structure of professional competencies in Russia and abroad is compared. Criteria characterizing key competence (importance for consumers, cooperation, possibility of improvement, uniqueness), its properties (complexity, not subject to wear, cannot be copied or used by competitors or replaced by another competence, can contribute to the mutual strengthening of other competencies) and levels ( superficial level of intermediate skills, normative value and basic). The author gives a correlation of the concepts of personnel competence and the competence of an organization (an information resource, the carrier of which is personnel, containing experience, knowledge and skills on the organization and management of resources and business processes in an organization to achieve its goals). Examples of the effective use of key competencies from domestic and foreign practice are given.</p> <p>It is concluded that competencies are directly determined by the capabilities of the organization, which, in turn, must be supported by the resources at the organization’s disposal. At the same time, emphasis should be placed on the ability to organize and work with people, since practically all the activities of the organization depend on it.</p> Галина Николаевна Тугускина ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 2 THEORETICAL STUDY OF THE STATE SUPPORT SMALL BUSINESSES TERRITORIES OF RURAL SETTLEMENTS AND ITS INTERMEDIATE RESULTS <p>At the present stage of development of rural settlements, small forms of economy are the support of the state, help to solve the most important socio-economic problems, are a source of jobs, a factor of consolidation of the population in the territories of rural settlements. As a result, the development and support of small businesses contributes to the development of a competitive environment and saturation of the food market of the country.<br>Since the "national project in the field of development of small and medium-sized enterprises and support of individual entrepreneurial initiative" is developed for a long period with the end of 2024, it is important to understand the intermediate results of its implementation, the dynamics of movement to the planned result.<br>The main innovation of this study is the study of intermediate statistical arrays and the impact of activities on the result.<br>Since the format of the work is limited by the article, the study will be directed to part of the interim results relating to the support of small farms in rural areas.<br>The study revealed a positive dynamics of the impact of measures on the growth of agricultural production, identified types of products with the maximum growth of production.<br>The analysis of intermediate results of the state programs allows to understand involvement of regions in the carried-out actions, correctness of their planning and actions necessary for receiving the maximum return.</p> Надежда Юрьевна Рожкова ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 2 MODELING OF THE TRIANGLE OF POVERTY, GROWTH AND INEQUALITY <p>The article deals with the triangle of poverty, growth and inequality proposed by Francois Bourguignon in 2003. This triangle explains the relationship between poverty, growth and inequality in the state, allows to build a model that characterizes the economy of the selected state or group of States (in our case – the EAEU countries). But the triangle has its own specifics, because in the framework of this study it is necessary to check whether the triangle is applicable to explain the economic situation in the EAEU countries. Economists working for international organizations (like the world Bank) use the poverty growth inequality Triangle to create poverty reduction strategies that include both steps to reduce inequality and stimulate growth. Economists have used the poverty growth Inequality Triangle to study poverty in both developed and developing countries, including China, Egypt, India, Mexico, and Nigeria. "Poverty" is measured by the absolute number of poor, that is, the proportion of the population below a certain poverty line. "Inequality" (or "distribution") refers to differences in relative income among the entire population. The determining factor is the Gini coefficient. "Growth" is the percentage change in the average level of well-being (for example, income or consumption). When working with real panel data, there is always a problem which model (General regression, fixed or random effects) to choose. The choice between a model with random effects and fixed effects was made using Hausman statistics, by comparing estimates of intra-group regression and regression with random effects</p> Ирина Андреевна Шакина Радмир Асхатович Хуснидинов Влада Анатольевна Папшева Александра Александровна Цветкова ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 2